Which of the following were characteristics of ancient Greek literature? Greek literature One of the longest surviving traditions in world literature. Dec 11, 2019. Gave women the right to vote B. The genres often dealt with political issues, gods and historical legends of wars and warriors. the compass Under Turkish rule, Greek literature virtually ceased, except in Crete. The ballads of the klephts, however, survive from the 18th century; these are the songs of the Greek mountain fighters who carried on guerrilla warfare against the Turks. 3. The social origins of the protagonists changes: no longer simply well-to-do, they derive for the most part from royalty. I really wish someone else was helping because I need help before I turn in these assignments! Epic poetry, related to heroic poetry, is a narrative art form common to many ancient and modern societies. A major poet in the Greek language, Elytis is also one of the most outstanding international figures of 20th-century poetry. Modern Greek literature refers to literature written in the Greek language from the 11th century, with texts written in a language that is more familiar to the ears of Greeks today than is the language of the early Byzantine literati, the compilers of the New Testament, or, of course, the classical authors of the fifth and fourth centuries BC. D. Tragedies always ended happily and were amusing to the audience. The flourishing Cretan school was all but terminated by the Turkish capture of the island in the 17th century. The historical poems (often historical in appearance only), the first of which was published in 1906, are usually set in the Hellenistic age (including Late Antiquity), the period which Cavafy believed was “particularly fitting as a context for his characters”, although Byzantium does not disappear entirely from his poetry. The main forms and themes of this period include scholarly and popular epic songs celebrating the new champions of Hellenism; long compositions; verse romance, which bore the stamp of influence from western courtly tradition, but a genre nevertheless rooted in the Hellenistic and Roman imperial ages; ancient stories reviving mythical and historical figures such as Achilles and Theseus and Alexander the Great; and didactic, sardonic texts, concerned with philosophy and the allegory of daily life, with birds and animals taking the leading roles. 100%4/4☺✋✨❤⚡❣✌✔‍‍ The earliest group of such works dates mainly to the twelfth century: satirical poems known as the Ptochoprodromika, the moralizing poem Spaneas, the autobiographical and didactic verses written in prison by Michael Glykas, a verse oration on Princess Agnes of France, and a few examples of heroic poetry such as the Song of Armouris and the epic Digenis Acritas. 1. A It was a time of assimilation as the Greek empire expanded and artists incorporated foreign styles from the Near East and Egypt into their work. His work was very highly rated by the ancient Greeks but survives … 1. a,b A lot of oral literature too has been made available in the form of books. The emergence of modern Greek literature (11th - 15th century). Schönbrunn Palace is just a place worth visiting not only for its superb architecture, but additionally for its beautiful park-like setting. To this group of works can also be added The War of Troy, a translation of Benoît de Sainte-Maure's "The Romance of Troy". #1- A&B A. Alexandria, Egypt became a center for learning. Erotokritos is undoubtedly the masterpiece of this period, and perhaps the supreme achievement of modern Greek literature. The earliest extant European literary works are the Iliad and the Odyssey, both written in ancient Greek probably before 700 B.C., and attributed to Homer. In 1927 the poet Angelos Sikelianos and his wife furthered the demotic cause with presentations at Delphi of classic Greek drama in the vernacular. 1961); H. J. The heroes are either of Byzantine or Roman lineage, though the co-stars are sometimes of eastern origin. C. Sparta and Athens came together to defeat the Persians. C. The chorus sang in the plays in order to generate more emotion. It also produces another extraordinary Greek innovation - the theatre. Tragic Literature All three of the most famous ancient Greek writers specialized in tragedies. Demotic dramatists include the naturalists Ioannis Kambisis (1872–1902) and the psychological dramatist Gregorios Xenopoulos (1867–1951), also an outstanding novelist. The picture he presented was seen as a mirror of the collective self. The symbolic function of language and the self-referring function of literature are reflected mainly in the short stories Between Piraeus and Naples and The only Voyage of his Life. 2. 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