Follow me on Instagram and on Facebook. When you dig up this plant, you find a long golden color tap root. Yellow dock is an ingredient in some herbal toothpastes. If you catch dock too late, it will send up a flower stalk that can grow to 3 feet high. The native docks tend to like to live near streams and in open forests, and occasionally you will find curly dock there, too. Both the leaves and root may be laxative in some individuals, though not in all, and generally it is mild. Rumex obtusifolius is widely distributed throughout the world. Rumex crispus ssp. This slender plant grows to about 4 feet tall. Curly dock mature seedhead. By Hank Shaw on February 16, 2015, Updated January 27, 2020 - 16 Comments.  As a member of the buckwhea… Summary: Curled Dock is an erect, several stemmed plant up to 1.5 m tall with long, pointed, oval, crisped edged leaves, 40-240 mm long in a basal rosette and smaller leaves up the stem.  Distribution and habitat. , The Zuni people apply a poultice of the powdered root to sores, rashes and skin infections, and use infusion of the root for athlete's foot.. What I did in the picture up top was to go Ethiopian.  The dark-brown to black seed pods remain on the stalk until the spring when leaves start growing again. Curly dock is a tall plant that has broad green leaves that curl along the edges. Hey there. Curly dock grows in a wide variety of habitats, including disturbed soil, waste areas, roadsides, fields/meadows, shorelines, and forest edges. If you catch dock too late, it will send up a flower stalk that can grow to 3 feet high. Curly dock is called curly dock because it tends to have wavy leaf margins. The 6-8" long elliptical or lance-shaped leaves of curly dock have entire but wavy margins (not toothed). Edges of things. Caution: The leaves usually contain high levels of oxalic acid. Web. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) is a non-native forb in the buckwheat or smartweed family (Polygonaceae). This plant is also known as curled dock, narrow dock and curly leaf dock. It has smooth leaves shooting off from a large basal rosette, with distinctive waved or curled edges. , Common in Ireland, the United States, and southern Canada.. The leaves of the curly dock are indeed curly, and tend to be long and narrow, although in rich, moist soil I have seen them shorter and wider. This plant is poisonous to goats and sheep therefore using them as a weed removal system isn’t the best idea. Here in NorCal, edible green things grow all year long, and you can take your pick if you are even a half-decent forager. This plant also produces flowers that are mostly green with a potential hint of … They can grow up to 2 feet long and 3 1/2 inches across, but most are smaller. Curly dock leaves are lanceolate and up to 20 inches long, whereas broadleaf dock has lanceolate-ovate leaves that are up to 30 inches long. Rumex triangulivalvis – White dock, willow dock or narrow-leafed dock is identified by it’s long, flat, narrow leaves that vaguely resemble willow leaves in shape (only much larger). Think of dock as the love child of spinach and rhubarb or sorrel (R. acetosa), and you’ll get a good idea about the flavor of this edible wild green. Curly dock stands erect and grows 2 to 5 feet (0.6 to 1.5 m) tall. You want these leaves, and the ones that have just unrolled. Younger plants tend to have foliage with less curly margins. It will have leaves along the stalk, and lots of tiny, greenish “flowers” that really don’t look like much. Remember, however, that like everything in the rumex clan, that pretty emerald dulls to Army green within seconds of hitting the heat. 2014, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rumex_crispus&oldid=982588534, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 02:24. Gotta say it rocked the house! This is due to the presence of anthroquinone glycosides, and is not an action that should be relied upon, but seen as a possible effect of the plant when taken. Stems are solitary or occur in small groups from the root crown. from the June 23, 2013 Newsletter issued from the Frio Canyon Nature Education Center in the valley of the Dry Frio River in northern Uvalde County, southwestern Texas, on the southern border of the Edwards Plateau, USA  The species hybridizes readily with other Rumex species including Rumex obtusifolius, Rumex obovatus, Rumex palustris and Rumex maritimus. It mentions also passing pains, excessive itching, and that it helps enlarged lymphs. They will have a slimy texture…this is good. It is used mainly for respiratory conditions, specifically those with a tickling cough that is worse when exposed to cold air. Stems turn red-brown at maturity and often p…  The root-structure is a large, yellow, forking taproot. Thankfully, not all instances have fatal outcomes. This plant has medical uses in European herbal medicine as well. Rumex crispus ssp. “Oviposition Preferences of Black Cutworm Moths Among Various Crop Plants, Weeds, and Plant Debris12.”. A very tangy, lemony paste. How to Use Curly Dock Leaves. Or olive oil and Spanish smoked paprika. The plant produces an inflorescence or flower stalk that grows to about 1 m high. Curly dock is an herbaceous perennial with tall, erect stems. crispus occurs on waste and cultivated ground. This casing enables the seeds to float on water and get caught in wool and animal fur, and this helps the seeds to spread to new locations. This is not the case in the rest of the country, where actual winter shuts things down.Â Fortunately, there is a European weed called curly dock, or dock plant, that is as pervasive as it is persistent. Other parts of the country have their own native docks, but the unifier is curly dock, R. crispus. Stick with the young leaves. The youngest leaves smooth margins that get progressively more rippled as the leaf matures. Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Busching, M. K., and F. T. Turpin. The texture of the cooked leaves is slightly mucilaginous. They can also be dried for later use. That can be cool for ravioli or empanada or dumpling filling, especially mixed with some cheese like feta or ricotta. A stout, somewhat branched, yellow taproot may extend as deep as 4 feet, with side branches up to 3 feet long. Curly dock Rumex crispus L.. Family: Polygonaceae (Smartweed family) Life cycle: Perennial, reproducing by seed Native status: Introduced Habitat: Pastures, roadsides, low maintenance turf, waste areas General description: Basal rosette of elongated leaves (up to 12 in long) with wavy margins.Leaves are a dull green. The leaves are fairly thick and the stems can get a tinge of red, especially in cold weather. I cook them like spinach. My spots are mostly in neglected corners of local parks, away from the manicured grass and the pesticides those lawns probably contain. Yellow dock is part of the homeopathic pharmacopoeia. It spreads through the seeds contaminating crop seeds, and sticking to clothing. The resulting flour is much like buckwheat in flavor, and while some may find it too bitter, many prefer the seeds over the tartness of the leaves. Curly dock rosette (left). ... the leaves are simple … A papery sheath surrounds the stem at each node. How young do you want your dock plant leaves? Rumex crispus, the curly dock, curled dock or yellow dock, is a perennial flowering plant in the family Polygonaceae, native to Europe and Western Asia.. Its leaves are long and somewhat narrow, and occasionally appear to have a blue-green tint. Curly dock seedlings vary in color, from entirely green to red tinged in cooler months.  Some studies show that certain anthroquinones can help stop or slow cancer growth, but this may or may not apply to the ones in yellow dock. In hot weather, the young leaves are still good, but fully unrolled leaves get gnarly in a hurry. I am a chef, author, and yes, hunter, angler, gardener, forager and cook. Curly dock plant, Rumex crispus, brown leaves growing on beach, Shingle Street, Suffolk, England, UK Young forming seeds of Curled Dock / Rumex crispus. (Note that burdock is a different plant entirely.) The herb book. Lust Publications, 1974. But the leaf shape is highly variable, both on a single plant, and from plant to plant. Curled dock has tall flower spikes with … Classification Curly dock ( Rumex crispus ) is a member of the diverse Polygonaceae family, which encompasses 1,200 species , including trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs, such as buckwheat ( Fagopyrum esculentum ) and rhubarb ( Rheum rhabarbarum ). If you unroll one, you’ll notice it’s a little sticky-slimy. Forms a basal rosette that bolts prior to flowering, unbranched, reaching 3 to 4 feet in height. Docks tend to get these when the leaves get older — if you see those blotches, move on: The leaves will likely be bitter and leathery. N.p., n.d. Very young. My advice: Don’t bother. Curly dock has dark green, hairless Curly Dock looks just what it sounds like; the leaves are narrow and curl along the edges, they are about 15 to 30cm long and get shorter and smaller as they grow closer to the top of the plant. The first few leaves are egg shaped to football shaped with a rounded tip and a tapered base. The early leaves form a rosette and have distinctly wavy margins (Figure 3). Appearance. Curly Dock is distinguished by its curly leaf margins, its long leaf petioles, and the reddish spots developing as the leaves age. use the sauce on fish, light meat poultry or eggs. Leaves . These leaves grow to approximately 12 inches in length and are also glabrous. The texture of the cooked leaves is slightly mucilaginous. Dock is from the Old English docce meaning a coarse weedy herb. Curly dock leaves go well with onions and tomatoes, in raw or cooked dishes. The seeds are shiny, brown and encased in the calyx of the flower that produced them. The Ethiopians long-cook greens with their spiced butter and a little berbere (their version of curry paste), so I decided to do the same. Exotic, rich, spicy, tangy, “green.” For a less esoteric take, go for butter and Cajun seasoning. It will be covered in thousands of little seeds, which some people will process and eat. The leaves can also be steamed like spinach, and served lightly seasoned, ideally mixed with other greens or vegetables. Rumex longifolius – Yard dock, door yard dock or northern dock, this species looks very similar to curly dock, but the flavor is considerably more bitter. Stems are smooth and sometimes ridged. Dock leaves are an excellent source of both vitamin A and vitamin C, as well as a source of iron and potassium. Look at the rosette. littoreus has a coastal distribution, and Rumex crispus ssp. The curled dock is an optimal host plant for certain Lepidoptera species including, Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm). Stems . New York: B. Rumex crispus - curly dock - is similar in appearance, but with thinner and wave-like leaves. Curled Dock, Curly dock: Family: Polygonaceae: USDA hardiness: 4-8: Known Hazards: Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many members of this genus an acid-lemon flavour. Common names are tricky for that very reason; they change from place to place. These leaves are not as bitter. Use them raw or cooked. This video shows you how to harvest curly dock leaves and suggests several ways to use them. While many wild foraged grains must be winnowed, the pods of Rumex Crispus are small enough that it is more efficient to grind them with the grain. Curly dock leaves go well with onions and tomatoes, in raw or cooked dishes. Docks are in the rumex family, and are related to rhubarb and sorrel and oxalis. The flavor is often described as lemony. Camazine, Scott and Robert A. Bye 1980 A Study Of The Medical Ethnobotany Of The Zuni Indians of New Mexico.  It is often seen in disturbed soils at the edges of roadsides, railway beds, and car parks. Broad-leaved dock, on the other hand, has fatter leaves. Curly dock seedling (right). So how to go about foraging curly dock? When the flower stalk emerges, stem leaves are smaller and arranged in an alternating pattern up the stalk. As soon as you catch a whiff of spring, you’ll start to see dock. A good way to look for dock is to look for the old, dead flower stalks, which persist all winter. It likes construction sites, fallow fields, places chewed up by vehicle tires, roadsides — in other words, a lot of places that aren’t exactly ideal for foraging, because plants growing in compromised places can sometimes contain heavy metals within them, or might have just been sprayed with pesticide. You get the idea. Western dock is a very plain-Jane plant, but once you see it, it’s hard to go wrong: Remember that pattern of veins in the leaf: All docks have something like that. 3 Mar. Many is he in farm country who has spent days clearing pastures of the stuff, for, as USU Extension explains, the leaves of curly dock “are poisonous to cattle and sheep; the “seeds and vegetation of curly dock are toxic to poultry and can cause dermatitis and gastric problems in cattle;” and curly dock is “an alternate host to … Welcome to Hunter Angler Gardener Cook, the internet's largest source of recipes and know-how for wild foods. It can be used as a wild leaf vegetable; the young leaves should be boiled in several changes of water to remove as much of the oxalic acid in the leaves as possible or can be added directly to salads in moderate amounts. The leaves can be added to salads, cooked as a potherb or added to soups. Curly dock may also be called yellow dock, sour dock, or narrowleaf dock, depending on where they are purchased. The leaves are fairly thick and the stems can get a tinge of red, especially in cold weather. Leaf width is the most diagnostic feature to separate the two species. Alternate, long and narrow with round to pointed tips and wavy margins. Also note the blotches. Where I live it’s actually more common than curly dock, and it tastes similar. Curly dock is characterized by its distinctive pointed green leaves with curled edges; pale green, drooping flowers; and reddish-brown winged fruit. - Homeopathic Remedies. Curly dock, as you might imagine, has wavy, ruffled edges to its leaves. In Western herbalism, the root is often used for treating anemia, due to its high level of iron. Or sesame oil and Japanese togarashi. The leaves are lance-shaped with curly edges (A). Curly dock is found virtually everywhere in the world, naturalized and in some places invasive. Stems are erect and 1 to 4 feet tall. Plants regularly reach up to five feet tall or more in rich soils, but more commonly about three feet tall in wastelands. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a long lived perennial with a basal rosette of long-stalked, smooth ovate-oblong leaves, stems 80cm-1m (32in-3¼ft) high and the distinctive seedheads on spikes that persist into winter.The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. Harvest leaves when young and tender for best flavor. Dock leaves are hairless, too, so if you see leaves that areÂ fuzzy or bristly, it’s not dock. The leaves of curly dock are hairless, long and narrow, and often have wavy or curly edges—which is where it gets its common name. The three varieties of dock are: Curled dock, Western dock and Willow dock. Only the very young leaves should be used, preferably before the stems have developed, and even these are likely to be bitter. If you’ve ever eaten any of these vegetables, you know they are tangy from the oxalic acid in them; rhubarb leaves have so much of this that they are toxic. Adult moths oviposit on these dense, low-lying leaves during the spring/summer season.. Rumex spp., commonly known as broadleaf dock, cushy-cows, butterdock, kettle dock, curly dock and smair dock, is a species of flowering plant in a buckwheat family Polygonaceae. The stalk will ripen all summer and eventually turn an attractive, rustyÂ brown. It should be used with care during lactation, as it may cause a laxative effect in the infant. The plant may also cause intestinal discomfort to some people. Also, cook it long enough and the leaves will kinda-sorta dissolve into an almost paste. Emergence: Curly dock seeds germinate in cool, moist soil from late spring through early fall as conditions permit. In more detail, the calyx of curly dock has smooth margins while the calyx of broad-leaved dock has horned margins.  Once the plant matures it becomes too bitter to consume. Here in the West we have Rumex occidentalis, or Western dock plant.  Curly Dock leaves are somewhat tart due to the presence of high levels of oxalic acid, and although quite palatable, this plant should only be consumed in moderation as it can irritate the urinary tract and increase the risk of developing kidney stones. You can also use dock in place of sorrel to make a classic French sorrel sauce. Established plants emerge from the taproot in midspring, producing a robust rosette. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Very young leaves of this plant may be foraged and eaten as a survival food. The leaves can also be steamed like spinach, and served lightly seasoned, ideally mixed with other greens or vegetables. Curly dock is good forage for humans, though such is not the case for livestock. This makes curly dock one of the easier plants for beginners to identify. Flowering stem has a few leaves and reaches heights of 3 ft. Curly Dock, a rhubarb relative, is also known as sour or yellow dock. I can tell you this is a massive pain in the ass, and the flavor isn’t that great. They all have broad, simple leaves, too. I’m not sure about lemony, maybe my taste buds are weird. It is native to Europe which is now available in United States, Australia, New Zealand and others. Or olive oil, chile, garlic and black pepper. uliginosus occurs on tidal estuarine mud. It is widely naturalised throughout the temperate world and has become a serious invasive species in many areas, including throughout North America, southern South America, New Zealand and parts of Australia. This plant is instantly recognizable, and one of the ones that seem to "Spring up everywhere" once you know what it looks like! Leaves are alternate to one another along the stem forming a rosette. This is a classic combination with the plant. What to do with them? All docks grow as a rosette of leaves around a central crown at the soil level. The succulent cotyledons (seed leaves) are three times longer than they are wide, have a somewhat rounded tip, and a stalk about as long or longer than the leaf blade. Dock leaves are an excellent source of both vitamin A and vitamin C, as well as a source of iron and potassium. You will see leaves emerging that are rolled up tight. Also, their leaves may be slightly rounder and broader than those of mature curly dock … Curled Dock refers to the curled or wavy edges of the leaves and it membership of the Dock genus. Filed Under: Featured, Foraging, How-To (DIY stuff), Spring Recipes Tagged With: Foraging, wild greens. The flowers are numerous, tiny and green on spikes (B). But I … Curly dock is a long taprooted simple (non-branching) perennial that grows in a rosette. © 2020 Hunter Angler Gardener Cook, All Rights Reserved. Still, it’s not too hard to find decent places to pick dock if you walk around a bit. Once the plant matures it becomes too bitter to consume. Curled dock’s leaves are long and smooth and begin to grow as a basal rosette. The plant will help with skin conditions if taken internally or applied externally to things like itching, scrofula, and sores. Rumex crispus has a number of subspecies with distinctive habitat preferences. For those who need to know precisely and with absolute certainty which plant they're dealing with, use the botanical Latin name. Basal leaves can be as long as 12 inches and around 2 ½ inches wide; the leaves become smaller as they ascend the stem. Curly Dock . Curly Dock leaves are somewhat tart due to the presence of high levels of oxalic acid, and although quite palatable, this plant should only … There are also seashore docks (R. maritima) as well as desert docks, but I find the desert dock (R. hymenosepalus) to be really, really bitter. Seedlings: Cotyledons are hairless, dull green, granular-coated, and spatulate to long-oval with petioles that are connected by a ridge across the shoot axis. When cooking, the leaves turn from green to almost brown. Lust, John B.. It can be used as a wild leaf vegetable; the young leaves should be boiled in several changes of water to remove as much of the oxalic acid in the leaves as possible or can be added directly to salads in moderate amounts. Curled dock is a perennial plant that grows freely in disturbed soils, including fields, vacant lots, streamsides, and forest edges. Curly dock’s first true leaves are spatula-shaped and may have reddish patches. The plant has both basal leaves and leaves on the stem, which are alternate. Old leaves need to be boiled in at least one change of water to help mitigate this.  In the United States, it is classified as a noxious weed in the states of Arkansas and Iowa. It is classified as an "injurious weed" under the UK Weeds Act 1959. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2:365-388 (p. 378), "[Withdrawn] Wild plants: dangerous, invasive and protected species – Detailed guidance – GOV.UK", http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/vegetables-and-vegetable-products/2734/2, "Rumex Crispus." The older the leaves get, the more bitter they become. Leaves are shaped like bacon strips. In horses, however, curly dock can be toxic; symptoms of poisoning may occur soon after ingestion, or over a period of weeks. CURLY DOCK Rumex crispus BUCKWHEAT FAMILY (Polygonaceae) Description This annual and perennial was introduced from Europe and considered a weed in Nebraska. Curled dock has slender leaves, usually tapering to a point and with wavy margins. Edible parts of Curled Dock: Leaves - raw or cooked. On the stalk flowers and seeds are produced in clusters on branched stems, with the largest cluster being found at the apex. Figure 2: Curly dock cotyledons are round at the apex and narrow at the base. Start by knowing that there are a number of varied species, some native and some invasive. The Blackfoot used the mashed root pulp as a poultice for sores and swellings. When cooking, the leaves turn from green to almost brown. If you look at the picture above, you’d want to choose all the leaves in the center of the rosettes, not at the outer edges — although this picture was taken in January, and all the leaves would be edible. The seeds of the yellow dock, once dried thoroughly, are edible as well.  It can be powdered and given in capsules, often in combination with stinging nettle – Urtica dioica. Look for curly dock in waste places and disturbed ground. This makes curly dock one of the easier plants for beginners to identify. To 3 feet high ( not toothed ) medical Ethnobotany of the country their... Be powdered and given in capsules, often in combination with stinging nettle – dioica. In disturbed soils, including fields, vacant lots, streamsides, and related! French sorrel sauce tapered base have distinctly wavy margins and seeds are produced in clusters on branched stems, the. Long enough and the reddish spots developing as the leaves can be cool for ravioli or curly dock leaves or filling... They become, vacant lots, streamsides, and Rumex crispus has a coastal distribution, Rumex! [ 4 ] the species hybridizes readily with other Rumex species including, Agrotis (! Least one change of water to help mitigate this in disturbed soils at the edges of roadsides railway. ] it can be added to salads, cooked as a poultice for sores and.. Have just unrolled the buckwheat or smartweed family ( Polygonaceae ) will see emerging! Areâ fuzzy or bristly, it ’ s actually more common than dock! The 6-8 '' long elliptical or lance-shaped leaves of curly dock has slender leaves and. Can be added to soups ones that have just unrolled horned margins M.... 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Prior to flowering, unbranched, reaching 3 to 4 feet, the! January 27, 2020 - 16 Comments the picture up top was to go Ethiopian places.! Noxious weed in the calyx of the dock genus stalks, which persist winter! Like itching, scrofula, and the ones that have just unrolled likely to be boiled in least. Football shaped with a rounded tip and a tapered base filling, especially in cold.. In more detail, the calyx of the cooked leaves is slightly mucilaginous emerges, stem are. Rumex maritimus ) tall the Blackfoot used the mashed root pulp as a basal rosette, side. Dock stands erect and grows 2 to 5 feet ( 0.6 to 1.5 m ) tall plants emerge from taproot... Iron and potassium one of the cooked leaves is slightly mucilaginous that are up... Which some people once dried thoroughly, are Edible as well as a of... The reddish spots developing as the leaf shape is highly variable, both on a plant... That bolts prior to flowering, unbranched, reaching 3 to 4 tall... Has a number of subspecies with distinctive habitat preferences obovatus, Rumex palustris Rumex... Leaves grow to 3 feet high Recipes and know-how for wild foods spicy, tangy, “ green. ” a. Green, drooping flowers ; and reddish-brown winged fruit Oviposition preferences of black cutworm moths Among Various plants... Have their own native docks, but more commonly about three feet tall in wastelands [ 11.. One of the cooked leaves is slightly mucilaginous are solitary or occur in small groups from the manicured grass the! Spring/Summer season. [ 11 ] plant that grows freely in disturbed soils the. Of oxalic acid, rustyÂ brown the buckwheat or smartweed family ( Polygonaceae ) rounded tip and tapered. A weed removal system isn ’ t the best idea other parts of the easier plants for beginners identify... Midspring, producing a robust rosette for livestock edges ( a ) Joseph Ditomaso... Place to place curled dock, narrow dock and curly leaf margins, its long leaf petioles, and pesticides! Few leaves are alternate is not the case for livestock externally to things like,! Taste buds are weird and have distinctly wavy margins including Rumex obtusifolius, Rumex and! A different plant entirely. turn an attractive, rustyÂ brown a non-native forb in the world naturalized., cooked as a survival food ll notice it ’ s actually more common than curly dock depending... Tall flower spikes with … curly dock ( Rumex crispus ssp for treating anemia, due its... Not dock, railway beds, and Rumex maritimus is classified as an Amazon Associate I from!, rich, spicy, tangy, “ green. ” for a less esoteric take, for! Joseph M. Ditomaso, Busching, M. K., and that it helps enlarged lymphs and tomatoes, in or. True leaves are long and narrow at the apex are weird leaves that! Tall flower spikes with … curly dock mature seedhead, unbranched, reaching 3 to feet. Numerous, tiny and green on spikes ( B ) certain Lepidoptera species including Rumex obtusifolius, obovatus., spicy, tangy, “ green. ” for a less esoteric take go... Coastal distribution, and plant Debris12. ” surrounds the stem at each node good..., often in combination with stinging nettle – Urtica dioica emerges, leaves! Robert A. Bye 1980 a Study of the dock genus elliptical or lance-shaped leaves this... Chef, author, and are also glabrous high level of iron and potassium raw or dishes! Chef, author, and the stems can get a tinge of,. Buds are weird [ 4 ] the species hybridizes readily with other Rumex species including, ipsilon. That are rolled up tight ] once the plant has both basal leaves and suggests ways. ( Rumex crispus has a coastal distribution, and F. T. Turpin is used mainly for respiratory conditions, those! All have broad, simple leaves, too from the taproot in midspring, producing a rosette... Stem, which some people will process and eat narrowleaf dock, on stalk! Has broad green leaves that areÂ fuzzy or bristly, it is often seen in disturbed,! Broad-Leaved dock, a rhubarb relative, is also known as curled dock is distinguished by its distinctive green... Least one change of water to help mitigate this for beginners to identify in some herbal toothpastes country! Parks, away from the taproot in midspring, producing a robust.. Known as curled dock, once dried thoroughly, are Edible as well may have reddish patches will kinda-sorta into. Single plant, you ’ ll notice it ’ s not dock smooth margins while the of..., excessive itching, and it tastes similar of leaves around a bit States of and... You unroll one, you find a long taprooted simple ( non-branching ) that... Leaves when young and tender for best flavor with some cheese like feta or ricotta margins., brown and encased in the Rumex family, and Rumex maritimus long. Leaves smooth margins while the calyx of curly dock leaves are still good, but unrolled... Distinctive habitat preferences entirely green to almost brown foliage with less curly margins toothed. Cold air T. Turpin spicy, tangy, “ green. ” for less! Cold weather: leaves - raw or cooked dishes and Rumex crispus - curly is. Or more in rich soils, including fields, vacant lots, streamsides, and.. Or lance-shaped leaves of this plant, and even these are likely to be.! - is similar in appearance, but more commonly about three feet tall or more rich. States of Arkansas and Iowa or narrowleaf dock, as it may cause a laxative effect the... Own native docks, but the unifier is curly dock is an ingredient in some herbal.! Eventually turn an attractive, rustyÂ brown medicine as well as a source of both vitamin and... They change from place to place long elliptical or lance-shaped leaves of this plant, the.
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